Bongo, Ghana


Presence of fluoride in groundwater used as a drinking water, at concentrations exceeding WHO guideline (1.5 mg/L), imposes a serious threat to public health. At present more than 200 million people, mainly in developing countries is threaten by high concentration of fluoride in drinking water. High levels of fluoride are also found in some parts of Ghana, including the Bongo town, with levels up to 4.6 mg/L. Fluoride contaminated groundwater in the Bongo town, and in many other areas, is the only available fresh water source for drinking water. Consumption of drinking water with elevated fluoride is associated with incidences of fluoride-related health hazards, including dental and skeletal fluorosis. A recent survey revealed that the incidence of dental fluorosis among children in the Bongo township was alarmingly high (63%). Commercially available fluoride removal techniques (e.g. adsorption on activated alumina) are unfordable for the affected population in Bongo, and other parts of Ghana, and most of other affected countries in Africa (e.g. Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, S. Africa, DR Congo, Zimbabwe, Sudan, Ethiopia, etc.).

Target group

The project target group includes the Bongo town population, that is at present affected by fluoride presence in drinking water.

Overview of Goals

The project goal is to create conditions that will support successful implementation of the IHE Fluoride Removal filter in the Bongo area and beyond.

Results and indicators